April 9, 2013 is A Non-working Holiday in the Philippines

Tuesday next week, that is April 9, 2013 will be a nationwide non-working holiday holiday in the country. This is in celebration of the yearly Day of Valor. Here's a brief background about the historical event on that date

Day of Valor

On April 9, 1942 in the middle of World War II, the Luzon force headquartered in Corregidor, Bataan, surrendered more than 76,000 starving and disease-ridden soldiers to the  invading Japanese forces.

After the fall of Bataan, majority of the prisoners of war were forced to march from Bataan to Cam O'Donnel in Capas Tarlac in the infamous Bataan Death March. As told, thousands died due to dehydration, heat and physical abuse from the Japanese soldiers.
Dead soldiers on the Bataan Death March
Dead soldiers on the Bataan Death March (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Commemoration

In April 6, 1961, 19 years after the event, Republic Act No. 3022 was passed by the congress declaring April 9 to be an annual legal commemorative holiday. 

The holiday took different names since then from Bataan Day, Corregidor Day to the present Day of Valor (Araw ng Kagitingan).

Pay Rules

Since this is a non-working regular holiday, those who will be required to work on that day shall receive additional compensation as directed by the Labor Law. The Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) usually issues a specific guidelines for every holiday.


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